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Funkadelic

Though it often took a back chair to its sister groupParliament, Funkadelic furthered the notions ofblack rock begun by JimiHendrix and SlyStone,blending elements of '60s psychedelia and bluesplus the deep groove of soul and funk. Thebandpursued album statements ofsocial/politicalcommentary while Parliament stayed in the funksingles format, but Funkadelicneverthelessparalleled the more commercialartist's success,especially in the late '70s when the interplaybetween bandsmoved the Funkadelic sound closerto a unified P-Funk style. In the grand soul tradition of a backing ...read more

Though it often took a back chair to its sister groupParliament, Funkadelic furthered the notions ofblack rock begun by JimiHendrix and SlyStone,blending elements of '60s psychedelia and bluesplus the deep groove of soul and funk. Thebandpursued album statements ofsocial/politicalcommentary while Parliament stayed in the funksingles format, but Funkadelicneverthelessparalleled the more commercialartist's success,especially in the late '70s when the interplaybetween bandsmoved the Funkadelic sound closerto a unified P-Funk style. In the grand soul tradition of a backing bandplaying support before the star takes the stage,Funkadelic began life supportingGeorgeClinton'sdoo wop group, the Parliaments. After havingperformed for almost ten years, the Parliamentshad added arhythm section in 1964 -- for tours andbackground work -- consisting of guitarist FrankieBoyce, his brother Richard on bass,and drummerLangston Booth; twoyears later, the trio enlisted inthe Army. By mid-1967, Clinton had recruited a newbackingband, including his old friend Billy "Bass"Nelson(born January 28, 1951, Plainfield, NJ) andguitarist Eddie Hazel (born April 10,1950, Brooklyn,NY). After several temporary replacementsondrums and keyboards, the addition of rhythmguitarist Lucius"Tawl" Ross (born October 5, 1948,Wagram, NC) and drummer Ramon "Tiki"Fulwood(born May 23, 1944, Philadelphia, PA)completed thelineup. the Parliaments recorded several hits during 1967,but trouble with the Revilot label backed Clintoninto a corner. He hit uponthe idea ofdeserting theParliaments' name and instead recording theirbacking group, with the added vocal "contributions"ofthe former Parliaments --same band, differentname. Billy Nelson suggested the title Funkadelic,to reflect the members'increased inspiration fromLSD andpsychedelic culture. Clinton formed theFunkadelic label in mid-1968 but then signedthegroup to Detroit's Westbound label severalmonthslater. Released in 1970, Funkadelic's self-titled debutalbum listed only producer Clinton and the fivemembers of Funkadelic --Hazel, Nelson,Fulwood,and Ross plus organist Mickey Atkins -- but alsoincluded all the former Parliaments plusseveralMotown sessionmen and RareEarth's RayMonette. Keyboard player Bernie Worrell alsoappeared on the album uncredited,even though hispicture was included on theinner sleeve with therest of the band. Worrell (born April 19, 1944, Long Beach, NJ) wasfinally credited on the second Funkadelic album(1970's Free YourMind...and Your Ass WillFollow).He and Clinton had known each other since theearly '60s, and Worrell soon became themostcrucial cog in the P-Funk machine,working onarrangements and production for most laterParliament/Funkadelic releases. Hisstrictupbringing and classical training (at theNewEngland Conservatory and Juilliard), as well as theboom in synthesizertechnology during the early'70s, gave him the tools to createthe hornarrangements and jazz fusion-inspired synth runsthatlater trademarked the P-Funk sound. Just afterthe release of their thirdalbum, Maggot Brain, P-Funk added yet another bigcontributor, BootsyCollins. The throbbing bass line of Collins (bornOctober 26, 1951,Cincinnati, OH) had previouslybeenfeatured in James Brown's backing band, theJ.B.'s (along with his brother, guitarist CatfishCollins).Bootsy and Catfish wereplaying in a Detroitband in 1972 when George Clinton saw and hiredthem. The Clinton/Worrell/Collins lineup premiered on1972's America Eats Its Young, but soon after itsrelease several originalmembers left thecamp.Eddie Hazel spent a year in jail after a combinationdrug possession/assault conviction, Tawl Rossleftthe band for medical reasonsrelating to anoverdose of LSD and speed, and Bill Nelson quitafter more financial quarrels withClinton.Funkadelic hired teenaged guitarsensation MichaelHampton as a replacement, but both Hazel andNelson wouldreturn for several later P-Funkreleases. Funkadelic moved to Warner Bros. in 1975 anddelivered its major-label debut, Hardcore Jollies,one year later to lacklustersales andreviews. Thesame year, Westbound raided its vaults andcountered with Tales of Kidd Funkadelic. Ironically,thealbum did better thanHardcore Jollies andincluded an R&B Top 30 single, "Undisco Kidd." In1977, Westbound released TheBest of the EarlyYears whileFunkadelic recorded what became itsmasterpiece (and arguably the best P-Funk releaseever),1978's One Nation Under a Groove. During the most successful year inParliament/Funkadelic history, Parliament hit thecharts first with "Flash Light," P-Funk'sfirst R&Bnumberone. "Aqua Boogie" would hit number oneas well late in the year, but Funkadelic's title track toOne NationUnder a Groove spent six weeksat thetop spot on the R&B charts during the summer. Thealbum, which reflected a growingconsistency instyles between Parliament andFunkadelic, becamethe first Funkadelic LP to reach platinum (the sameyearthat Parliament's Funkentelechy Vs. thePlacebo Syndrome didthe same). In 1979,Funkadelic's "(Not Just) Knee Deep" hitnumber oneas well, and its album (Uncle Jam Wants You)reached gold status. At just the point that Funkadelic appeared to be atthe top of its powers, the band began to unravel. Asis sometimes thecase, commercialsuccess beganto dissolve several old friendships. In 1977, originalParliaments members Fuzzy Haskins,Calvin Simon,and Grady Thomashad left the P-Funk organizationto record on their own. In early 1981, they hit theR&Bcharts with a single called "ConnectionsandDisconnections," recorded as Funkadelic. Toconfuse matters more, the originalFunkadelicappeared on the charts at the same time, withthetitle track to The Electric Spanking of WarBabies. During 1980, Clinton began to be weighed down bylegal difficulties arising from Polygram's acquisitionof Parliament's label,Casablanca.Jettisoning boththe Parliament and Funkadelic names (but not themusicians), Clinton began his solo careerwith1982's Computer Games. Heand many formerParliament/Funkadelic members continued to tourand record throughout the '80sas the P-Funk AllStars, but the decade'sdisdain of everything to dowith the '70s resulted in critical and commercialneglectfor the world's biggest funk band, especiallyone which inpart had spawned the sound of disco.During the early '90s, the riseof funk-inspired rap(courtesy of Digital Underground, Dr. Dre,andWarren G.) and funk rock (Primus and Red HotChili Peppers)re- established the status of Clinton &co., one of the most important forces inthe recenthistory of black music. « hide

Similar Bands: Parliament, Electric Sorcery, Black Merda, Demon Fuzz, George Clinton and the P-Funk All Stars

LPs
First Ya Gotta Shake The Gate
2014

2.3
8 Votes
The Electric Spanking of War Babies
1981

3.2
32 Votes
Connections & Disconnections
1981

1.9
26 Votes
Uncle Jam Wants You
1979

3.2
42 Votes
One Nation Under a Groove
1978

4.1
219 Votes
Hardcore Jollies
1976

3.9
54 Votes
Tales of Kidd Funkadelic
1976

3.3
37 Votes
Let's Take It to the Stage
1975

4
73 Votes
Standing on the Verge of Getting It On
1974

4.1
144 Votes
Cosmic Slop
1973

3.9
99 Votes
America Eats Its Young
1972

3.2
68 Votes
Maggot Brain
1971

4.3
700 Votes
Free Your Mind...And Your Ass Will Follow
1970

3.9
138 Votes
Funkadelic
1970

4.1
151 Votes
Live Albums
Live - Meadowbrook, Rochester, Michigan
1971

4
6 Votes
Compilations
Toys
2008

3.1
4 Votes
By Way Of The Drum
2007

2.3
3 Votes
Funkadelic (2005 reissue)
2005

5
1 Votes

Contributors: PolyrhythmStew, discovolante, rockandmetaljunkie, Mad., ThrashingWhiplash, mynameismud420, Apocalyptic Raids, DesolationRow, Dr Funkenstein, Zig, rockandmetaljunkie, Frippertronics, SharkTooth, insomniac15, Mad., djon96,

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