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Björk Guðmundsdóttir (born 21 November 1965) is an Icelandic singer-songwriter, composer, music producer,andoccasionalactress, whose work includes seven English solo albums and two film soundtracks.

She is known for including elements of rock, jazz, electronic, classical, industrial, folk and trip-hop music in her work.Hervoicehas also been acclaimed for its distinctive qualities. She is also known for her eccentric costumes and musicvideos.Her singles "It's Oh So Quiet", "Army of Me" and "Hyperballad" all charted in the UK Top 10.

Her record label, One Litt ...read more

Björk Guðmundsdóttir (born 21 November 1965) is an Icelandic singer-songwriter, composer, music producer,andoccasionalactress, whose work includes seven English solo albums and two film soundtracks.

She is known for including elements of rock, jazz, electronic, classical, industrial, folk and trip-hop music in her work.Hervoicehas also been acclaimed for its distinctive qualities. She is also known for her eccentric costumes and musicvideos.Her singles "It's Oh So Quiet", "Army of Me" and "Hyperballad" all charted in the UK Top 10.

Her record label, One Little Indian, reported in 2003 that she had sold more than 15 million albums worldwide. Shehasbeennominated for 13 Grammy Awards, an Academy Award and two Golden Globe Awards (including one for acting).Forherperformance in Dancer in the Dark, Björk won the Best Actress Award at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival. She wasranked#36on VH1's "The 100 Greatest Women in Rock and Roll" and #8 on MTV's "22 Greatest Voices in Music".

Björk was born and raised in Reykjavík, Iceland. Her musical career began when she was eleven with her studyofclassicalpiano in elementary school. One of her instructors sent a recording of Björk singing Tina Charles' song I Love toLoveto RÚV,then the only radio station in Iceland. The recording was broadcast on national radio - after hearing it,arepresentative ofthe Fálkinn label contacted Guðmundsdóttir, to offer a record contract, and Björk was recorded andreleasedin 1977. InNovember1979, her eponymous first album was released; the record contained covers of several popsongs,including the Foolon the Hill and boasted artwork from her mother and guitar work from her stepfather. Björk became ahitwithin Iceland andwas not released in any other country.

Björk's musical tastes were changed by the punk revolution of the late '70s; in 1979, she formed a post. punkgroupcalledExodus and, in the following year, she sang in Jam 80.

In her teens, Björk was influenced by punk; at 14 she formed the all-girl punk band Spit and Snot, shortly followed bythejazzfusion group, Exodus in 1979. In 1980 she graduated from music school. In 1981 she and bassist JakobMagnússonformedanother band called Jam-80, which later became Tappi Tíkarrass (which means "Cork the Bitch's Ass" inIcelandic),andreleased an extended single, "Bítið Fast íVítið in the same year. Their next album, Miranda, was released in1983.

Afterward, Björk collaborated with Einar Örn Benediktsson and Einar Melax from Purrkur Pillnikk, andGuðlaugurÓttarsson,Sigtryggur Baldursson, and Birgir Mogensen from Þeyr. After writing songs and rehearsing for two weeks,the newband, KUKL("sorcery" in Icelandic), developed a sound described as gothic rock. Björk began to show indications ofhertrademark singingstyle, which was punctuated by howls and shrieks.

KUKL toured Iceland with anarchist UK punk band, Crass, and later visited the UK in a series of performances with FluxofPinkIndians. They produced two albums as a result of these collaborations: The Eye in 1984, and Holidays In Europein1986,bothon Crass Records.

The band was eventually dissolved, in part due to the closure of their label, Gramm. In mid-1986, several members ofKUKLandthe surrealist group, Medusa, got together to create the arts collective Smekkleysa (Bad Taste). They createdamusicaldivision, a band again called KUKL, but soon changed the name to The Sugarcubes.

Björk first came to prominence as one of the lead vocalists of the avant-pop Icelandic sextet the Sugarcubes, butwhenshelaunched a solo career after the group's 1992 demise, she quickly eclipsed her old band's popularity. Instead offollowinginthe Sugarcubes' arty guitar rock styles, Björk immersed herself in dance and club culture, working with many ofthebiggestnames in the genre, including Nellee Hooper, Underworld, and Tricky. Debut, her first solo effort (except foranIcelandic-onlysmash released when she was just 11 years old), not only established her new artistic direction, but itbecameaninternational hit, making her one of the '90s most unlikely stars.

The Sugarcubes became one of the rare Icelandic bands to break out of their native country when their debutalbum,Life'sToo Good, became a British and American hit in 1988. For the next four years, the group maintained asuccessfulcultfollowing in the U.K. and the U.S. while they were stars within Iceland. During 1990, Björk recorded a set ofjazzstandardsand originals with an Icelandic bebop group called Björk Guðmundsdóttir & tríó Guðmundar Ingólfssonar. Thealbum,Gling-Gló,was released only in Iceland. By 1992, tensions between Björk and Einar had grown substantially, whichresulted inthe bandsplitting apart.

Following the breakup of the group, Björk moved to London, where she began pursuing a dance-oriented solocareer.Theprevious year, she had sung on Ooops, which sparked her interest in club and house music. She struck upaworkingrelationship with Nellee Hooper, a producer who had formerly worked with Soul II Soul and Massive Attack. Thefirstresult oftheir partnership was Human Behaviour which was released in June of 1993. "Human Behaviour" became a Top 40hitin theU.K., setting the stage for the surprising number three debut of the full-length album, Debut. Throughout 1993,Björkhad hitU.K. singles — including Venus As A Boy, Big Time Sensuality, and the non-LP Play Dead, a collaboration withDavidArnoldtaken from the film Young Americans — as well as modern rock radio hits in the U.S. She earned rave reviewsinbothcountries. At the end of the year, NME magazine named Debut the album of the year. Additionally, she won BRITAwardsforboth International Female Solo Artist and Newcomer. Debut went gold in the U.S. and platinum in the U.K.

During 1994, Björk was relatively quiet as she recorded her second album with Nellee Hooper, Tricky, 808State'sGrahamMassey, and Howie B of Mo' Wax Records. She also released a remix EP, co-wrote the title track for BedtimeStories,andperformed on MTV Unplugged that same year. Army Of Me, the first single from Björk's forthcoming album, Post,wasreleasedas a teaser single in the spring of 1995. It debuted at number ten in the U.K. and became a moderatealternativerock hit inthe U.S. Post, her second full-length solo album, was released in June of 1995 and garnered positivereviews. Itpeaked atnumber two in the U.K. and number 32 in the U.S. Post matched its predecessor in terms of sales andpraise, goinggold inthe U.S. and helping her earn her second BRIT Award for Best International Female Artist. It yielded theBritish hitsinglesIsobel (#23), It's Oh So Quiet (#4) and Hyperballad (#8). Despite her commercial success in the UK, hersingles failedtomake much headway on American radio or MTV.

In late 1996, she released Telegram, an album of radically different remixes of the entire Post album, in theU.K.ItsAmericanrelease followed in January 1997.

Homogenic was released on 23 September 1997 and spawned many remix releases in the next few years to follow.

In the spring of 2000, she was named Best Actress by jurors at the Cannes Film Festival for her work in Lars vonTrier'sPalmed'Or-winning Dancer in the Dark. Selmasongs, her score for the film, reunited Björk with her Homogeniccollaborator,Mark Bell,and arrived in Fall of 2000, just in time for Dancer in the Dark's U.S. release.

The full-length follow-up, Vespertine, was released one year later. Verspertine featured collaborations withelectronicduoMatmos, who handled intricate micro-beats while Björk layered her voice in melodic, lyrical passages.

She released a Greatest Hits collection and the Family Tree box set late in 2002.

After performing a few dates in 2003, Björk worked on her all-vocals and vocal samples-based album, Medúlla,andaperformance of its first single, Oceania, at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece.

The soundtrack to Drawing Restraint 9, a film by multimedia artist Matthew Barney, arrived in 2005 andalsofeaturedcontributions from Will Oldham. Bjork also starred in the film, which would never see a DVD release and isonlyviewable inselect art museums.

Her next album, Volta, was released on 8 May 2007. Volta features collaborations with Timbaland, Mark Bell,andAntonyHegarty of Antony and the Johnsons. The album's first single, Earth Intruders, was released digitally on 9 April2007.

Her most recent album, Biophilia, was released on the 5th of October, 2011, with Björk and 16bit producing.

She also sang on the contemporary classical composer John Tavener's piece Prayer of the Heart.

Official Websites: http://www.bjork.com/ and http://www.myspace.com/bjork.

Official Music Store: http://bjork.grapewire.net/ « hide

Similar Bands: Sigur Ros, The Sugarcubes, Massive Attack, Kate Bush, Bjork and Trio Gudmundar Ingolfssonar


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