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Funkadelic

The group that would become Funkadelic was originally formed by George Clinton in 1964, as the unnamed musical backingforhis doo wop group The Parliaments while on tour. The band originally consisted of musicians Frankie Boyce, RichardBoyce, andLangston Booth plus the five members of the Parliaments on vocals. Boyce, Boyce, and Booth enlisted in theArmy in 1966,and Clinton recruited bassist Billy Bass Nelson and guitarist Eddie Hazel in 1967, then also added guitaristTawl Ross anddrummer Tiki Fulwood. The band name "Funkadelic" was coined by Nelson after the band relocated to Detroit.By 19 ...read more

The group that would become Funkadelic was originally formed by George Clinton in 1964, as the unnamed musical backingforhis doo wop group The Parliaments while on tour. The band originally consisted of musicians Frankie Boyce, RichardBoyce, andLangston Booth plus the five members of the Parliaments on vocals. Boyce, Boyce, and Booth enlisted in theArmy in 1966,and Clinton recruited bassist Billy Bass Nelson and guitarist Eddie Hazel in 1967, then also added guitaristTawl Ross anddrummer Tiki Fulwood. The band name "Funkadelic" was coined by Nelson after the band relocated to Detroit.By 1968,because of a dispute with Revilot, the record company that owned the name "The Parliaments", the ensemblebegan playingunder the name Funkadelic.

As Funkadelic, the group signed to Westbound in 1968. Around this time, the group's music evolved from soul and doowopinto a harder guitar-driven mix of psychedelic rock, soul and funk, much influenced by the popular musical (andpolitical)movements of the time. Jimi Hendrix and Sly Stone were major inspirations.[2] This style later evolved into a tighterguitar-based funk (circa 1971-75), which subsequently, during the height of Parliament-Funkadelic success (circa 1976-81),addedelements of R&B and electronic music, with less psychedelic rock elements.

The group's self-titled debut album, Funkadelic, was released in 1970. The credits listed organist Mickey Atkins plusClinton,Fulwood, Hazel, Nelson, and Ross. The recording also included the rest of the Parliaments singers (still uncredited duetocontractual concerns), several uncredited session musicians then employed by Motown, as well as Ray Monette (ofRareEarth) and future P-Funk mainstay Bernie Worrell.

Bernie Worrell was officially credited starting with Funkadelic's second album, 1970s Free Your Mind... and Your Ass WillFollow,thus beginning a long working relationship between Worrell and Clinton. The album Maggot Brain followed in 1971.The firstthree Funkadelic albums displayed strong psychedelic influences (not least in terms of production) and limitedcommercialpotential, despite containing many songs that stayed in the band's setlist for several years and would influencemany futurefunk, rock, and hip hop artists.

After the release of Maggot Brain, the Funkadelic lineup was expanded greatly. Tawl Ross was unavailable afterexperiencingeither a bad LSD trip or a speed overdose, while Billy Bass Nelson and Eddie Hazel quit due to financial concerns.From thispoint, many more musicians and singers would be added during Funkadelic's (and Parliament's) history, includingtherecruitment of several members of the famous James Brown backing band The JB's in 1972 - most notably BootsyCollinsand the Horny Horns. Bootsy and his brother Catfish Collins were recruited by Clinton to replace the departed NelsonandHazel. Bootsy in particular become a major contributor to the P-Funk sound. In 1972, this new line-up releasedthepolitically-charged double album America Eats Its Young. The lineup stabilized a bit with the album Cosmic Slop in1973,featuring major contributions from recently added singer-guitarist Garry Shider. After first leaving the band, EddieHazelspent a year in jail for drug possession and assault, then returned to make major contributions to the 1974 albumStandingon the Verge of Getting It On. Hazel only contributed to P-Funk sporadically thereafter.[3.

George Clinton revived Parliament in 1974 and signed that act to Casablanca Records. Parliament and Funkadelicfeaturedmostly the same stable of personnel but operated concurrently under two names. At first, Parliament was designatedas amore mainstream funk ensemble dominated by soulful vocals and horn arrangements, while Funkadelic was designated asamore experimental and freestyle guitar-based funk band. The ensemble usually toured under the combined nameParliament-Funkadelic or simply P-Funk (which also became the catch-all term for George Clinton's rapidly growing stable offunk artists).

In 1975 Michael Hampton, a teen guitar prodigy, replaced Hazel as the premier lead guitarist in Parliament-Funkadelic, andwasa major contributor to the next several Funkadelic albums. Funkadelic left Westbound in 1976 and moved to WarnerBrothers.Their first album for Warner was Hardcore Jollies in 1976. Just before leaving Westbound, Clinton provided thatlabel with acollection of recently recorded outtakes, which Westbound released as the album Tales of Kidd Funkadelic. Thatalbum didsignificantly better commercially than Hardcore Jollies and included "Undisco Kidd", an R&B Top 30 single. In1977, Westboundcapitalized further by releasing the anthology The Best of the Early Years.

As Parliament began achieving significant mainstream success in the 1975-1978 period, Funkadelic recorded and releaseditsmost successful and influential album, One Nation Under a Groove in 1978, adding former Ohio Players keyboardistWalter"Junie" Morrison and reflecting a more melodic dance-based sound. The title track spent six weeks at #1 on the R&Bcharts,around the time that Parliament was enjoying the #1 R&B singles "Flash Light" and "Aqua Boogie". Uncle Jam WantsYou in1979 continued Funkadelic's new more electronic sound production. The album contains the fifteen-minute "(Not Just)KneeDeep" featuring former Spinners lead singer Philippé Wynne, an edited version of which topped the R&B charts. Thefinal officialFunkadelic album, The Electric Spanking of War Babies, was released in 1981. The release was originally adouble-albumproject, but it was reduced to a single disc under pressure from Warner Brothers. Some of the deleted trackswould appear onfuture P-Funk releases, most notably the 1982 hit single "Atomic Dog" which appeared on the first GeorgeClinton solo album.

Meanwhile, the album Connections & Disconnections (re-issued on CD as Who's a Funkadelic) was released under thenameFunkadelic in 1981. The album was recorded by former Funkadelic members and original Parliaments Fuzzy Haskins,CalvinSimon, and Grady Thomas, who had left P-Funk in 1977 after disagreements with George Clinton's managementpractices.This LP, notable for its heavy use of Thomas "Pae-dog" McEvoy's jazz horn, contains the track called "You'll Like ItToo",which came a very popular breakbeat source for the Hip hop community in the 80s. Another rebellious former bandmember,drummer Jerome Brailey, released the album Mutiny on the Mamaship, by his new band Mutiny. Even Clinton himselffoundthis to be a good album despite containing lyrics that mocked him and his management of the P-Funk enterprise.

In the early 1980s, with legal difficulties arising from the multiple names used by multiple groups, as well as a shakeupatParliament's record label, George Clinton dissolved Parliament and Funkadelic as recording and touring entities.However,many of the musicians in later versions of the two groups remained employed by Clinton. Clinton continued torelease newalbums regularly, sometimes under his own name and sometimes under the name George Clinton & the P-Funk All-Stars. Inthe mid-1980s, the last Funkadelic album By Way Of The Drum was recorded by Clinton with P-Funk personnel andmanyelectronic devices. The album was rejected by its record label and did not see official release in America until itappeared asa reissue in 2007. It features a cover of "Sunshine Of Your Love" by Cream. The album did not receive anypublicity, but stillreceived favorable reviews.

Clinton continued his P-Funk collective in the 1990s and 2000s, with a revolving stable of musicians, some of whomremainfrom the classic lineups of Funkadelic and Parliament. The rock-oriented sound of Funkadelic has diminished, as Clintonhasmoved towards more of an R&B and hip hop sound. In 1997 the group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[4.

Filmmaker Yvonne Smith of New York City-based Brazen Hussy productions produced Parliament-Funkadelic: One NationUndera Groove, a full-length documentary about the groundbreaking group, which aired on PBS in 2005.[5] As of 2008,Clinton wasat work on a new Funkadelic album for his new record label. In November 2008, Westbound Records releasedToys, acollection of Funkadelic outtakes and demos from the Free Your Mind and America Eats Its Young era. Criticalreception of thealbum has generally been positive. « hide

Similar Bands: Parliament, Electric Sorcery, Eddie Hazel, Bootsy Collins, George Clinton and the P-Funk All Stars

LPs
The Electric Spanking of War Babies
1981

3.3
19 Votes
Connections & Disconnections
1981

1.8
16 Votes
Uncle Jam Wants You
1979

3.2
29 Votes
One Nation Under a Groove
1978

4.1
131 Votes
Hardcore Jollies
1976

4
30 Votes
Tales of Kidd Funkadelic
1976

3.4
20 Votes
Let's Take It to the Stage
1975

4.1
40 Votes
Standing on the Verge of Getting It On
1974

4.1
67 Votes
Cosmic Slop
1973

3.9
53 Votes
America Eats Its Young
1972

3.2
39 Votes
Maggot Brain
1971

4.3
402 Votes
Free Your Mind...And Your Ass Will Follow
1970

3.9
82 Votes
Funkadelic
1970

4.1
75 Votes
Live Albums
Live - Meadowbrook, Rochester, Michigan
1971

4.5
1 Votes
Compilations
Toys
2008

3.3
3 Votes
By Way Of The Drum
2007

2.5
1 Votes

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