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Frank Sinatra

Frank Sinatra was arguably the most important popular music figure of the 20th century, his only real rivals for the title beingBing Crosby, Elvis Presley, and the Beatles. In a professional career that lasted 60 years, he demonstrated a remarkableability to maintain his appeal and pursue his musical goals despite often countervailing trends. He came to the fore during theswing era of the 1930s and '40s, helped to define the "sing era" of the '40s and '50s, and continued to attract listeners duringthe rock era that began in the mid-'50s. He scored his first number one hit in 1940 and was s ...read more

Frank Sinatra was arguably the most important popular music figure of the 20th century, his only real rivals for the title beingBing Crosby, Elvis Presley, and the Beatles. In a professional career that lasted 60 years, he demonstrated a remarkableability to maintain his appeal and pursue his musical goals despite often countervailing trends. He came to the fore during theswing era of the 1930s and '40s, helped to define the "sing era" of the '40s and '50s, and continued to attract listeners duringthe rock era that began in the mid-'50s. He scored his first number one hit in 1940 and was still making million-sellingrecordings in 1994. This popularity was a mark of his success at singing and promoting the American popular song as it waswritten, particularly in the 1920s, '30s, and '40s. He was able to take the work of great theater composers of that period,such as Jerome Kern, Irving Berlin, George Gershwin, Cole Porter, and Richard Rodgers, and reinterpret their songs for lateraudiences in a way that led to their rediscovery and their permanent enshrinement as classics. On records and in liveperformances, on film, radio, and television, he consistently sang standards in a way that demonstrated their perennialappeal.

The son of a fireman, Sinatra dropped out of high school in his senior year to pursue a career in music. In September 1935,he appeared as part of the vocal group the Hoboken Four on Major Bowes' Original Amateur Hour. The group won the radioshow contest and toured with Bowes. Sinatra then took a job as a singing waiter and MC at the Rustic Cabin in Englewood,NJ. He was still singing there in the spring of 1939, when he was heard over the radio by trumpeter Harry James, who hadrecently organized his own big band after leaving Benny Goodman. James hired Sinatra, and the new singer made his firstrecordings on July 13, 1939. At the end of the year, Sinatra accepted an offer from the far more successful bandleaderTommy Dorsey, jumping to his new berth in January 1940. Over the next two and a half years, he was featured on 16 TopTen hits recorded by Dorsey, among them the chart-topper "I'll Never Smile Again," later inducted into the Grammy Hall ofFame. During this period, he also performed on various radio shows with Dorsey and appeared with the band in the films LasVegas Nights (1941) and Ship Ahoy (1942).

In January 1942, he tested the waters for a solo career by recording a four-song session arranged and conducted by AxelStordahl that included Cole Porter's "Night and Day," which became his first chart entry under his own name in March 1942.Soon after, he gave Dorsey notice. Sinatra left the Dorsey band in September 1942. The recording ban called by theAmerican Federation of Musicians, which had begun the previous month, initially prevented him from making records, but heappeared on a 15-minute radio series, Songs By Sinatra, from October through the end of the year and also did a few livedates. His big breakthrough came due to his engagement as a support act to Benny Goodman at the Paramount Theatre inNew York, which began on New Year's Eve. It made him a popular phenomenon, the first real teen idol, with school girlsswooning in the aisles. RCA Victor, which had been doling out stockpiled Dorsey recordings during the strike, scored with"There Are Such Things," which had a Sinatra vocal; it hit number one in January 1943, as did "In the Blue of the Evening,"another Dorsey record featuring Sinatra, in August, while a third Dorsey/Sinatra release, "It's Always You," hit the Top Fivelater in the year, and a fourth, "I'll Be Seeing You," reached the Top Ten in 1944. Columbia, which controlled the Harry Jamesrecordings, reissued the four-year-old "All or Nothing at All," re-billed as being by Frank Sinatra with Harry James & HisOrchestra, and it hit number one in September. Meanwhile, the label had signed Sinatra as a solo artist, and in a temporaryloophole to the recording ban, put him in the studio to record a cappella, backed only by a vocal chorus. This resulted in fourTop Ten hits in 1943, among them "People Will Say We're in Love" from Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II's musicalOklahoma!, and a fifth in early 1944 ("I Couldn't Sleep a Wink Last Night") before protests from the musicians union ended acappella recording.

In February 1943, Sinatra was hired by the popular radio series Your Hit Parade, on which he performed through the end of1944. Adding to his radio duties, he appeared from June through October on Broadway Bandbox and in the fall again took upthe Songs by Sinatra show, which ran through December. In January, it was expanded to a half-hour as The Frank SinatraShow, which ran for a year and a half. In April 1943, he made his first credited appearance in a motion picture, singing "Nightand Day" in Reveille with Beverly. This was followed by Higher and Higher, released in December, in which he had a smallacting role, playing himself, and by Step Lively, released in July 1944, which gave him a larger part. MGM was sufficientlyimpressed by these performances to put him under contract. The recording ban was lifted in November 1944, and Sinatrareturned to making records, beginning with a cover of Irving Berlin's "White Christmas" that was in the Top Ten before theend of the year. Among his eight recordings to peak in the Top Ten in 1945 were Jule Styne and Sammy Cahn's "SaturdayNight (Is the Loneliest Night of the Week)," Johnny Mercer's "Dream," Styne and Cahn's "I Should Care," and "If I Loved You"and "You'll Never Walk Alone" from the Rodgers & Hammerstein musical Carousel. Sinatra insisted that Styne and Cahn behired to write the songs for his first MGM musical, Anchors Aweigh, and over the course of his career, the singer recordedmore songs by Cahn (a lyricist who worked with several composers) than by any other songwriter. Anchors Aweigh, in whichSinatra was paired with Gene Kelly, was released in July 1945 and went on to become the most successful film of the year.

The Voice of Frank SinatraSinatra returned to radio in September with a new show bearing an old name, Songs by Sinatra. Itran weekly for the next two seasons, concluding in June 1947. Among his eight Top Ten hits in 1946 were two that hitnumber one ("Oh! What It Seemed to Be" and Styne and Cahn's "Five Minutes More"), as well as "They Say It's Wonderful"and "The Girl That I Marry" from Irving Berlin's musical Annie Get Your Gun, Jerome Kern's "All Through the Day," and KurtWeill's "September Song." He also topped the album charts with the collection The Voice of Frank Sinatra. His only filmappearance for the year came in Till the Clouds Roll By, a biography of the recently deceased Kern, in which he sang "Ol' ManRiver."Songs by Sinatra By 1947, Sinatra's early success had crested, though he continued to work steadily in several media. Onradio, he returned to the cast of Your Hit Parade in September 1947, appearing on the series for the next two seasons, thenhad his own 15-minute show, Light-Up Time, during 1949-1950. On film, he appeared in five more movies through the end ofthe decade, including both big-budget MGM musicals like On the Town and minor efforts such as The Kissing Bandit. Hescored eight Top Ten hits in 1947-1949, including "Mam'selle," which hit number one in May 1947, and "Some EnchantedEvening," from the Rodgers & Hammerstein musical South Pacific. He also hit the Top Ten of the album charts with 1947'sSongs by Sinatra and 1948's Christmas Songs by Sinatra. Sinatra's career was in decline by the start of the '50s, but he wasfar from inactive. He entered the fall of 1950 with both a new radio show and his first venture into television. On radio, therewas Meet Frank Sinatra, which found the singer acting as a disc jockey; it ran through the end of the season. On TV, therewas The Frank Sinatra Show, a musical-variety series; it lasted until April 1952. His film work had nearly subsided, though inMarch 1952 came the drama Meet Danny Wilson, which tested his acting abilities and gave him the opportunity to sing suchsongs as Harold Arlen and Johnny Mercer's "That Old Black Magic," "I've Got a Crush on You" by George and Ira Gershwin, and"How Deep Is the Ocean?" by Irving Berlin.At Columbia Records, Sinatra came into increasing conflict with musical director Mitch Miller, who was finding success for hissingers by using novelty material and gimmicky arrangements. Sinatra resisted this approach, and though he managed toscore four more Top Ten hits during 1950-1951 -- among them an unlikely reading of the folk standard "Goodnight Irene" --he and Columbia parted ways. Thus, ten years after launching his solo career, he ended 1952 without a record, film, radio, ortelevision contract. Then he turned it all around. The first step was recording. Sinatra agreed to a long-term, boilerplatecontract with Capitol Records, which had been co-founded by Johnny Mercer a decade earlier and had a roster full of faded'40s performers. In June 1953, he scored his first Top Ten hit in a year and a half with "I'm Walking Behind You." Then inAugust, he returned to film, playing a non-singing, featured role in the World War II drama From Here to Eternity, aperformance that earned respect for his acting abilities, to the extent that he won the Academy Award for Best SupportingActor for the part on March 25, 1954. In the fall of 1953, Sinatra began two new radio series: Rocky Fortune, a drama onwhich he played a detective, ran from October to March 1954; and The Frank Sinatra Show was a 15-minute, twice-a-weekmusic series that ran for two seasons, concluding in July 1955.

Swing Easy! Meanwhile, Sinatra had begun working with arranger/conductor Nelson Riddle, a pairing that produced notablechart entries in February 1954 on both the singles and albums charts. "Young-at-Heart," which just missed hitting numberone, was the singer's biggest single since 1947, and the song went on to become a standard. (The title was used for a 1955movie in which Sinatra starred.) Then there was the 10" LP Songs for Young Lovers, the first of Sinatra's "concept" albums,on which he and Riddle revisited classic songs by Cole Porter, the Gershwins, and Rodgers and Hart in contemporaryarrangements with vocal interpretations that conveyed the wit and grace of the lyrics. The album lodged in the Top Five. InJuly, Sinatra had another Top Ten single with Styne and Cahn's "Three Coins in the Fountain," and in September Swing Easy!matched the success of its predecessor on the LP chart. By the middle of the '50s, Sinatra had reclaimed his place as a starsinger and actor; in fact, he had taken a more prominent place than he had had in the heady days of the mid-'40s. In 1955,he hit number one with the single "Learnin' the Blues" and the 12" LP In the Wee Small Hours, a ballad collection laterinducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.Songs for Swingin' Lovers! On September 15, 1955, he appeared in a television production of Our Town and sang "Love andMarriage" (specially written by Sammy Cahn and his new partner James Van Heusen), which became a Top Five hit. Early in1956, he was back in the Top Ten with Cahn and Van Heusen's "(Love Is) The Tender Trap," the theme song from his newfilm, The Tender Trap. As part of his thematic concepts for his albums of the '50s, Sinatra alternated between recordsdevoted to slow arrangements (In the Wee Small Hours) and those given over to dance charts (Swing Easy). By the latewinter of 1956, the schedule called for another dance album, and Songs for Swingin' Lovers!, released in March, filled the bill,stopping just short of number one and going gold. The rise of rock & roll and Elvis Presley began to make the singles chartsthe almost-exclusive province of teen idols, but Sinatra's "Hey! Jealous Lover" (by Sammy Cahn, Kay Twomey, and BeeWalker), released in October, gave him another Top Five hit in 1957. Meanwhile, he ruled the LP charts. The Capitol singlescompilation This Is Sinatra!, released in November, hit the Top Ten and went gold.Close to You and MoreSinatra began 1957 by releasing Close to You, a ballad album with accompaniment by a string quartet,in February. It hit the Top Five, followed in May by A Swingin' Affair!, which went to number one, and another ballad album,Where Are You?, a Top Five hit after release in September. He was also represented in the LP charts in November by thesoundtrack to his film Pal Joey (based on a Rodgers & Hart musical), which hit the Top Five, and by the seasonal collection AJolly Christmas From Frank Sinatra, which eventually was certified platinum. The Joker Is Wild, another of his 1957 films,featured the Cahn. Van Heusen song "All the Way," which became a Top Five single. In October, he returned to prime timetelevision with another series called The Frank Sinatra Show, but it lasted only one season, and subsequently he restrictedhis TV appearances largely to specials (of which he made many).Come Fly with Me In February 1958, Sinatra reached the Top Ten with "Witchcraft," his last single to perform that well forthe next eight years. That month, Capitol released Come Fly with Me, a travel-themed rhythm album, which hit number one.The year's ballad album, Frank Sinatra Sings for Only the Lonely, released in September, also topped the charts, and it wentgold. In between, Capitol released the compilation This Is Sinatra, Vol. 2, which hit the Top Ten. 1959 followed a similarpattern. Come Dance With Me! appeared in January and became a gold-selling Top Ten hit. It also won Sinatra GrammyAwards for Album of the Year and for vocal performance. Look to Your Heart, a compilation, was released in the spring andreached the Top Ten. And No One Cares, the year's ballad collection, appeared in the summer and just missed topping thecharts.Sinatra's Swingin' Session!!! And MoreSinatra gradually did less singing in his movies of the '50s, but in March 1960, heappeared in a movie version of Cole Porter's musical Can-Can, and the resulting soundtrack album hit the Top Ten.Meanwhile, Sinatra was beginning to think about the approaching end of his Capitol Records contract and to enter the studioless frequently for the company. His next regular album was a year in coming, and when it did, Nice 'n' Easy was a mid-tempocollection, breaking his pattern of alternating fast and slow albums. The wait may have caused pent-up demand; the albumspent many weeks at number one and went gold. Although Sinatra had not yet completed his recording commitment toCapitol, he began in December 1960 to make recordings for his own label, which he called Reprise Records. As a result, recordstores were deluged with five new Sinatra albums in 1961: in January, Capitol had Sinatra's Swingin' Session!!!; in April,Reprise was launched with the release of Ring-a-Ding Ding!; in July, Reprise followed with Sinatra Swings the same week thatCapitol released Come Swing with Me!; and in October, Reprise had I Remember Tommy..., an album of songs Sinatra hadsung with the Tommy Dorsey band. There was also the March compilation All the Way on Capitol, making for six releases inone year. Remarkably, they all reached the Top Ten.Point of No Return Meanwhile, Reprise's first single, "The Second Time Around," a song written by Cahn and Van Heusen forBing Crosby, won Sinatra the Grammy for Record of the Year. By 1962, the market was glutted. Capitol released its last newSinatra album, Point of No Return, as well as a compilation, and Reprise put out three new LPs, but only Reprise's Sinatra &Strings reached the Top Ten. In 1963, however, all three Reprise releases, Sinatra-Basie, The Concert Sinatra, and the gold-selling Sinatra's Sinatra, made the Top Ten. The onset of the Beatles in 1964 began to do to the LP charts what Elvis Presleyhad done to the singles charts in 1956, but Sinatra continued to reach the Top Ten with his albums of the mid-'60s, albeitnot as consistently. Days of Wine and Roses, Moon River, and Other Academy Award Winners hit that ranking in May 1964, asdid Sinatra '65 in August 1965. That same month, Sinatra mounted a commercial comeback by emphasizing his own advancingage. Nearing 50, he released September of My Years, a ballad collection keyed to the passage of time. After "It Was a VeryGood Year" was drawn from the album as a single and rose into the Top 40, the LP took off for the Top Five and went gold. Itwas named 1965 Album of the Year at the Grammy Awards, and Sinatra also picked up a trophy for best vocal performancefor "It Was a Very Good Year."Sinatra at the Sands In November 1965, Sinatra starred in a retrospective TV special, A Man and His Music, and released acorresponding double-LP, which reached the Top Ten and went gold. It won the 1966 Grammy for Album of the Year. Sinatrareturned to number one on the singles charts for the first time in 11 years with the million-selling "Strangers in the Night" inJuly 1966; the song won him Grammys for Record of the Year and best vocal performance. A follow-up album named after thesingle topped the LP charts and went platinum. Before the end of the year, Sinatra had released two more Top Ten, gold-selling albums, Sinatra at the Sands and That's Life, the latter anchored by the title song, a Top Five single. In April 1967,Sinatra was back at number one on the singles charts with the million. selling "Somethin' Stupid," a duet with his daughterNancy. By the late '60s, even Sinatra had trouble resisting the succeeding waves of youth. oriented rock music that toppedthe charts. But Frank Sinatra's Greatest Hits!, a compilation of his '60s singles successes released in August 1968, was amillion-seller, and Cycles, an album of songs by contemporary writers like Joni Mitchell and Jimmy Webb, released that fall,went gold.Ol' Blue Eyes Is Back In March 1969, Sinatra released "My Way," with a lyric specially crafted for him by Paul Anka. It quicklybecame a signature song for him. The single reached the Top 40, and an album of the same name hit the Top Ten and wentgold. In the spring of 1971, at the age of 55, Sinatra announced his retirement. But he remained retired only until the fall of1973, when he returned to action with a new gold-selling album and a TV special both called Ol' Blue Eyes Is Back. In thislate phase of his career, Sinatra cut back on records, movies, and television in favor of live performing, particularly in LasVegas, but also in concert halls, arenas, and stadiums around the world. He refrained from making any new studio albums forsix years, then returned in March 1980 with a three-LP set, Trilogy: Past, Present, Future. The most memorable track fromthe gold-selling set turned out to be "Theme From New York, New York," the title song from the 1977 movie, which Sinatra'srecording belatedly turned into a standard.Sinatra Reprise: The Very Good Years By the early '90s, the CD era had inaugurated a wave of box set reissues, and the 1990Christmas season found Capitol and Reprise marking Sinatra's 75th birthday by competing with the three-disc The CapitolYears and the four-disc The Reprise Collection. Both went gold, as did Reprise's one-disc highlights version, Sinatra Reprise --The Very Good Years. Sinatra himself, meanwhile, while continuing to tour, had not made a new recording since his 1984 LPL.A. Is My Lady. In 1993, he re-signed to Capitol Records and recorded Duets, on which he re-recorded his old favorites,joined by other popular singers ranging from Tony Bennett to Bono of U2 (none of whom actually performed in the studio withhim). It became his biggest-selling album, with sales over 3,000,000 copies, and was followed in 1994 by Duets II, which wonthe 1995 Grammy Award for Traditional Pop Performance.Sinatra finally retired from performing in his 80th year in 1995, and he died of a heart attack less than three years later.Anyone will be astonished at the sheer extent of Sinatra's success as a recording artist over 50 years, due to the changes inpopular taste during that period. His popularity as a singer and his productivity has resulted in an overwhelming discography.Its major portions break down into the Columbia years (1943-1952), the Capitol years (1953-1962), and the Reprise years(1960-1981), but airchecks, film and television soundtracks, and other miscellaneous recordings swell it massively. As a moviestar and as a celebrity of mixed reputation, Sinatra is so much of a 20th century icon that it is easy to overlook his realmusical talents, which are the actual source of his renown. As an artist, he worked to interpret America's greatest songs andto preserve them for later generations. On his recordings, his success is apparent. « hide

Similar Bands: Tony Bennett, The Ames Brothers, Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra and Antonio Carlos Jobim, Nat King Cole

LPs
Frank Sinatra Christmas Collection
2004

3.6
6 Votes
She Shot Me Down
1981

2.9
7 Votes
Trilogy: Past Present Future
1980

2.4
8 Votes
Some Nice Things I've Missed
1974

2.3
2 Votes
Ol' Blue Eyes Is Back
1973

3.4
5 Votes
Sinatra & Company
1971

2.7
3 Votes
Watertown
1970

3.8
13 Votes
My Way
1969

3.2
13 Votes
Cycles
1968

2.6
4 Votes
The World We Knew
1967

3.6
4 Votes
That's Life
1966

4.2
9 Votes
Strangers in the Night
1966

3.8
9 Votes
Moonlight Sinatra
1966

3.9
7 Votes
September of My Years
1965

3.9
17 Votes
Softly, as I Leave You
1964

3.1
5 Votes
It Might as Well Be Swing
1964

3.8
3 Votes
The Concert Sinatra
1963

3.3
3 Votes
Sinatra–Basie: An Historic Musical First
1962

3.6
4 Votes
Sinatra and Strings
1962

3.5
3 Votes
Point of No Return
1962

3.5
10 Votes
Sinatra and Swingin' Brass
1962

4
1 Votes
Come Swing With Me
1961

2.8
2 Votes
Sinatra Swings
1961

3.6
4 Votes
Ring-a-Ding-Ding!
1961

3.7
5 Votes
Sinatra's Swingin' Session
1961

3.7
13 Votes
Nice 'n' Easy
1960

4.2
24 Votes
Come Dance With Me!
1959

3.9
19 Votes
No One Cares
1959

4.2
20 Votes
Come Fly With Me
1958

4.3
70 Votes
Frank Sinatra Sings for Only the Lonely
1958

4.4
66 Votes
A Jolly Christmas From Frank Sinatra
1957

3.5
20 Votes
Where Are You?
1957

4.4
40 Votes
A Swingin' Affair!
1957

3.7
21 Votes
Close to You
1957

3.5
4 Votes
Songs for Swingin' Lovers!
1956

4.2
76 Votes
In The Wee Small Hours
1955

4.3
247 Votes
Swing Easy!
1954

3.7
26 Votes
Songs for Young Lovers
1954

4.1
38 Votes
Sing and Dance with Frank Sinatra
1950

3.8
2 Votes
Frankly Sentimental
1949

4.3
2 Votes
Christmas Songs by Sinatra
1948

2.5
1 Votes
Songs by Sinatra
1947

3
1 Votes
The Voice of Frank Sinatra
1946

3.3
7 Votes
Live Albums
Sinatra and Sextet Live In Paris (1962)
1992

3.3
6 Votes
Sinatra at the Sands
1966

4.8
6 Votes
Compilations
Ultimate Sinatra
2015

4.6
8 Votes
Greatest Love Songs
01/15/2012

2.5
1 Votes
Ring-A-Ding-Ding! [Reissue]
2011

4.3
3 Votes
Nothing But the Best
2008

4.5
79 Votes
Sinatra: Vegas
2006

Young Blue Eyes with The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra
2004

Classic Sinatra: His Greatest Performances 1953-60
2000

4.9
14 Votes
My Way: The Best of Frank Sinatra
1994

4.3
46 Votes
Sinatra Reprise: The Very Good Years
1991

4.3
22 Votes
The Capitol Years
1990

4.2
3 Votes
Frank Sinatra's Greatest Hits!
1968

4.9
4 Votes

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