Big Joe Turner (born Joseph Vernon Turner Jr., May 18, 1911 – November 24, 1985) was an American "blues shouter" (a
blues-music singer capable of singing unamplified with a band) from Kansas City, Missouri. According to the songwriter Doc
Pomus, "Rock and roll would have never happened without him." Although he had his greatest fame during the 1950s with his
rock and roll recordings, particularly "Shake, Rattle and Roll", Turner's career as a performer endured from the 1920s into the
1980s. Turner was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame during 1987.